Bessemer Process for kids: Cheap Steel Production.
A look into the process developed by the innovator Henry Bessemer.
Bessemer in a sentence up(0) down(0) Sentence count:19Posted:2017-11-03Updated:2017-11-03.. The introduction of the basic Bessemer process in 1879 made it possible for the first time for such high-phosphorus ore to be used for making steel. 5, This procedure made the Bessemer process possible, and thus paved the way for the modern steel industry. 6, Oh. And Bessemer is also a town in.
The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace. The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation with air being blown through the molten iron.
The Bessemer process works by putting pig iron or wrought iron - iron with many impurities - into a compartment in a large machine called a Bessemer furnace - sometimes known as a blast furnace - which blows air under the converter, under the iron. The air is thrust into a fire set up under the converter. When the flame hits the cold air, the air reaches 3000 degrees Fahrenheit. The heat pulls.
The Bessemer Process was a method in which iron could be cheaply and efficiently converted into steel. This process was perfected by William Kelly and Henry Bessemer.
The Bessemer process was introduced at the end of the 1800s.; Anthony Hill, a later owner, adopted the Bessemer process.; The Siemens-Martin process complemented rather than replaced the Bessemer process.; You might find Bessemer process and William Kelly interesting for historical purposes.; But Scranton could not convince his business partners to adopt the Bessemer process.
By developing a one-step process to make low-cost steel, Henry Bessemer provided the raw materials from which our modern world is made. In the U.S., where natural resources and risk-taking investors were abundant, giant Bessemer steel mills sprung up to drive the expanding nation's rise as a dominant world economic and industrial leader.